Eliminate Debt with the Snowball

By Leo Babauta

Sometimes when we’re in debt, it feels like we’re drowning, trying to stay afloat, and yet we don’t know how to get out of the turbulent waters we find ourselves in. If you feel yourself being pulled under by the current of debt, there’s hope: by using a Debt Snowball, you can pull yourself out.

This article might seem too simple for those who regularly read about personal finances, but sometimes it’s good to review the basics, and for those who haven’t read much about debt elimination, this can be a life saver.

The basic idea of the Debt Snowball is that you apply an extra amount of money every month to your smallest debt until it’s paid off, and then take the amount you were paying for that debt and apply it to the next biggest debt, and so on until you’ve paid off all your debts. It sounds simple, but it’s very powerful, and it’s something that I’m using a modified version of it now to get myself out of debt. I’m about midway through — I’ve paid off a few smaller debts, I’m nearly done paying off my credit card (should be done this summer) and then hope to pay off my car by the end of this year and some medical debts by next year. Dave Ramsey is the biggest proponent of this method.

Here are the basic steps:

  1. List all debts from smallest to largest.
  2. Commit to pay the minimum payment on each debt.
  3. Find an extra amount, on top of the minimum, that can be applied towards the smallest debt — this amount is your “snowball” amount.
  4. Pay the minimum payment plus the extra amount towards that smallest debt until it is paid off.
  5. Then, add the old minimum payment from the first debt to the extra amount, and apply the new sum to the second smallest debt — your snowball amount has just gotten bigger, and will get bigger after each debt is paid off.
  6. Repeat until all debts are paid in full.

Alternate version: Some people advocate ordering the original list not from smallest balance to highest, but from highest interest rate to lowest. This way, you’re paying off the debts that are hurting you the most before the ones with low interest rates. Now, this makes some financial sense, and it is probably best for those who are already good at paying off debt. But I have two points to make: 1) the interest saved by this method isn’t really that much (many times we’re talking about the difference of $50 a year or so); and 2) for many people (including me), there is a big psychological boost in paying off that first, small debt, and you can ride the momentum of this boost to keep you going. This is the same reason I suggest starting any goal with baby steps — it might seem too easy, but there’s a lot of power in the sense of accomplishment that comes from achieving any goal, large or small.

Some suggestions for following the Debt Snowball method:

Some debt snowball resources: